Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Genome Res. 2008 Dec;18(12):1906-17. doi: 10.1101/gr.078519.108. Epub 2008 Sep 11.

Genome-wide relationship between histone H3 lysine 4 mono- and tri-methylation and transcription factor binding.

Author information

  • 1BC Cancer Agency Genome Sciences Centre, Vancouver, Canada.

Abstract

We characterized the relationship of H3K4me1 and H3K4me3 at distal and proximal regulatory elements by comparing ChIP-seq profiles for these histone modifications and for two functionally different transcription factors: STAT1 in the immortalized HeLa S3 cell line, with and without interferon-gamma (IFNG) stimulation; and FOXA2 in mouse adult liver tissue. In unstimulated and stimulated HeLa cells, respectively, we determined approximately 270,000 and approximately 301,000 H3K4me1-enriched regions, and approximately 54,500 and approximately 76,100 H3K4me3-enriched regions. In mouse adult liver, we determined approximately 227,000 and approximately 34,800 H3K4me1 and H3K4me3 regions. Seventy-five percent of the approximately 70,300 STAT1 binding sites in stimulated HeLa cells and 87% of the approximately 11,000 FOXA2 sites in mouse liver were distal to known gene TSS; in both cell types, approximately 83% of these distal sites were associated with at least one of the two histone modifications, and H3K4me1 was associated with over 96% of marked distal sites. After filtering against predicted transcription start sites, 50% of approximately 26,800 marked distal IFNG-stimulated STAT1 binding sites, but 95% of approximately 5800 marked distal FOXA2 sites, were associated with H3K4me1 only. Results for HeLa cells generated additional insights into transcriptional regulation involving STAT1. STAT1 binding was associated with 25% of all H3K4me1 regions in stimulated HeLa cells, suggesting that a single transcription factor can interact with an unexpectedly large fraction of regulatory regions. Strikingly, for a large majority of the locations of stimulated STAT1 binding, the dominant H3K4me1/me3 combinations were established before activation, suggesting mechanisms independent of IFNG stimulation and high-affinity STAT1 binding.

PMID:
18787082
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2593584
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (4)Free text

Figure 1.
Figure 2.
Figure 3.
Figure 4.
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk