Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Health Promot. 2008 Sep-Oct;23(1):31-4. doi: 10.4278/ajhp.07043040.

Helping Chinese fathers quit smoking through educating their nonsmoking spouses: a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

  • 1Department of Nursing Studies, University of Hong Kong, 4/F William M W Mong Block, 21 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam Hong Kong SAR, China. nssophia@hkucc.hku.hk

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Assess the effectiveness of a two-step health education program by nurses delivered through nonsmoking mothers to help fathers of sick children quit smoking.

DESIGN:

Randomized, controlled trial.

SETTING:

General pediatric wards of four major hospitals in Hong Kong.

SUBJECTS:

Nonsmoking mothers who had a live-in smoking spouse were recruited when they brought sick children to the hospital. A total of 752 mothers were randomized into the intervention arm and 731 into the control arm.

INTERVENTION:

The intervention group received standardized health advice, behavior modification booklets, and a 1-week telephone reminder. The control group received usual care.

MEASUREMENTS:

The main outcome measure was the quit rate (7-day point prevalence) of smoking fathers as determined by telephone follow-up with mothers at 3 and 12 months. Quit attempts and smoking reduction were secondary outcome measures.

RESULTS:

At 3 months, more fathers in the intervention group had quit smoking (7.4% vs. 4.8%; p = .03), reduced daily cigarette consumption by 50% or more (30.6% vs. 22.6%; p < .001), and reported quit attempts (6.5% vs. 3.6%; p = .01). The differences were not statistically significant by 12 months.

CONCLUSION:

A simple health education intervention provided by nurses to mothers of sick children has a short-term effect in helping smoking fathers quit, reduce consumption, and trigger quit attempts. Future studies should confirm the longer-term sustainability of the effect.

PMID:
18785372
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Allen Press, Inc.
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk