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Br J Dermatol. 2008 Dec;159(6):1331-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2133.2008.08814.x. Epub 2008 Sep 6.

Psoriasis and the risk of incident diabetes mellitus: a population-based study.

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  • 1Basel Pharmacoepidemiology Unit, Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, University Hospital Basel, Hebelstrasse 2, CH-4031 Basel, Switzerland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cross-sectional studies, mostly in hospitalized patients, reported a possible positive association between psoriasis and diabetes mellitus (DM). However, information on the temporal relation is scarce, and incidence rates of new-onset DM in patients with psoriasis are lacking.

OBJECTIVES:

To assess and compare incidence rates of new-onset DM between patients with psoriasis and a comparison group without psoriasis, and to explore the role of psoriasis severity and body mass index (BMI).

METHODS:

We conducted a follow-up study with a nested case-control analysis within the U.K.-based General Practice Research Database. The study population consisted of patients with a first-time diagnosis of psoriasis between 1994 and 2005 and a matched group of psoriasis-free patients. We used psoriasis duration and treatment as proxy for disease severity, and we applied conditional logistic regression to obtain odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs).

RESULTS:

Within the study population of 65 449 patients we identified 1061 incident cases of DM. Of these, 59% had a history of psoriasis, yielding a crude incidence rate ratio of 1.36 (95% CI 1.20-1.53). The adjusted OR for patients with >or=2 years disease duration and >2 prescriptions per year for oral psoriasis treatment was 2.56 (95% CI 1.11-5.92). In an analysis restricted to patients with normal BMI, the adjusted OR was 2.02 (95% CI 1.31-3.10).

CONCLUSIONS:

In this large observational study the risk of incident DM was increased for patients with psoriasis as compared with a psoriasis-free comparison group. The risk increased with psoriasis duration and severity and was not driven by high BMI alone.

PMID:
18782318
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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