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J Natl Cancer Inst. 2008 Sep 17;100(18):1301-9. doi: 10.1093/jnci/djn276. Epub 2008 Sep 9.

Trends in 5- and 10-year survival after diagnosis with childhood hematologic malignancies in the United States, 1990-2004.

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  • 1Division of Clinical Epidemiology and Aging Research, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany.



Advances in the treatment of childhood hematologic malignancies have led to improvements in survival for several of these conditions during the past few decades, but most population-based survival data available to date refer only to patients diagnosed up to the mid-1990s.


We used period analysis to assess trends in 5- and 10-year survival in US patients younger than 15 years of age at diagnosis with four hematologic malignancies--acute lymphoblastic leukemia, acute non-lymphoblastic leukemia, Hodgkin lymphoma, and non-Hodgkin lymphoma--over three recent 5-year intervals, 1990-1994, 1995-1999, and 2000-2004, using data on a total of 6957 patients from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Expected survival for 2005-2009 was estimated by modeling from trends in the preceding intervals.


Major improvements in 5- and 10-year relative survival between 1990-1994 and 2000-2004 were seen for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (from 80.2% to 87.5% and from 73.4% to 83.8%, respectively), acute non-lymphoblastic leukemia (from 41.9% to 59.9% and from 38.7% to 59.1%, respectively), and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (from 76.6% to 87.7% and from 73.0% to 86.9%, respectively). For those diagnosed with Hodgkin lymphoma, 5- and 10-year survival rates for the 1990-1994 period were 96.1% and 94.4%, respectively, and these rates did not change substantially in the later time periods. Projected 10-year survival rates for children diagnosed in the 2005-2009 period were 88.0% for acute lymphoblastic leukemia, 63.9% for acute non-lymphoblastic leukemia, 90.6% for non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and 94.3% for Hodgkin lymphoma.


Application of period analysis to a population-based study of childhood hematologic malignancies reveals ongoing increases in survival for three of the four common childhood hematologic malignancies.

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