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Pharm Res. 2009 Jan;26(1):72-81. doi: 10.1007/s11095-008-9710-4. Epub 2008 Sep 9.

Poly (lactide-co-glycolide)-polymethacrylate nanoparticles for intramuscular delivery of plasmid encoding interleukin-10 to prevent autoimmune diabetes in mice.

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  • 1Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Nursing, and Allied Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota 58105, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Determine the efficiency of cationic nanoparticles prepared by blending poly (lactide-co-glycolide; PLGA) and methacrylate copolymer (Eudragit(R) E100) to deliver a therapeutic gene encoding mouse interleukin-10, in vitro and in vivo.

METHODS:

Nanoparticles prepared with PLGA and E100 were evaluated for delivery of plasmid DNA encoding mouse interleukin-10 in vitro and in vivo in mice upon intramuscular injection. Blood-glucose, serum interferon-gamma levels and histology of pancreas were studied to determine therapeutic efficacy. Histological evaluation of skeletal muscle from the injection site was performed to assess the biocompatibility of nanoparticles.

RESULTS:

PLGA/E100 nanoparticles showed endosomal escape evidenced by confocal microscopy and buffering ability. Transfecting HEK293 cells with plasmid-loaded PLGA/E100 nanoparticles resulted in significantly (p < 0.05) greater expression of interleukin-10 compared to PLGA nanoparticles. Mice treated with PLGA/E100 nanoparticles displayed higher serum levels of interleukin-10 and lower blood glucose levels compared to those treated with interleukin-10 plasmid alone or PLGA nanoparticles. High expression of interleukin-10 facilitated suppression of interferon-gamma levels and reduced islet infiltration. Histology of muscle showed that nanoparticles were biocompatible and did not cause chronic inflammatory response.

CONCLUSIONS:

Nanoparticles prepared by blending PLGA with methacrylate can efficiently and safely deliver plasmid DNA encoding mouse interleukin-10 leading to prevention of autoimmune diabetes.

PMID:
18779928
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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