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Methods Enzymol. 2008;443:1-23. doi: 10.1016/S0076-6879(08)02001-6.

Approaches for studying angiogenesis-related signal transduction.

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  • 1Vascular Biology and Therapeutics Program, Department of Pharmacology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.


Understanding how extracellular growth factors activate intracellular pathways that promote angiogenesis is a broad area of research. In this chapter, we outline the systematic dissection of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-mediated activation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase and other downstream targets that are relevant to the angiogenic response. These approaches may also be applied to most other angiogenic-factor signaling cascades.

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