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J Lipid Res. 2009 Jan;50(1):47-58. doi: 10.1194/jlr.M800204-JLR200. Epub 2008 Sep 3.

The level and compartmentalization of phosphatidate phosphatase-1 (lipin-1) control the assembly and secretion of hepatic VLDL.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario K1H 8M5, Canada.


Phosphatidate phosphatase-1 (PAP-1) converts phosphatidate to diacylglycerol and plays a key role in the biosynthesis of phospholipids and triacylglycerol (TAG). PAP-1 activity is encoded by members of the lipin family, including lipin-1 (1alpha and 1beta), -2, and -3. We determined the effect of lipin-1 expression on the assembly and secretion of very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) using McA-RH7777 cells. Expression of lipin-1alpha or -1beta increased the synthesis and secretion of [(3)H]glycerol-labeled lipids under either basal- or oleate-supplemented conditions. In the presence of oleate, the increased TAG secretion was mainly associated with VLDL(1) (S(f) > 100) and VLDL(2) (S(f) 20-100). Expression of lipin-1alpha or -1beta increased secretion efficiency and decreased intracellular degradation of [(35)S]apolipoprotein B-100 (apoB100). Knockdown of lipin-1 using specific short interfering RNA decreased secretion of [(3)H]glycerolipids and [(35)S]apoB100 even though total PAP-1 activity was not decreased, owing to the presence of lipin-2 and -3 in the cells. Deletion of the nuclear localization signal sequences within lipin-1alpha not only abolished nuclear localization but also resulted in impaired association with microsomal membranes. Cells expressing the cytosolic lipin-1alpha mutant failed to promote [(35)S]apoB100 synthesis or secretion, and showed compromised stimulation in [(3)H]TAG synthesis and secretion. Thus, alteration in hepatic expression of lipin-1 and its compartmentalization control VLDL assembly/secretion.

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