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Crit Care Med. 2008 Oct;36(10):2734-9. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0b013e318186f839.

The effect of a quantitative resuscitation strategy on mortality in patients with sepsis: a meta-analysis.

Author information

  • 1Department of Emergency Medicine, Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, NC, USA. alan.jones@carolinas.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Quantitative resuscitation consists of structured cardiovascular intervention targeting predefined hemodynamic end points. We sought to measure the treatment effect of quantitative resuscitation on mortality from sepsis.

DATA SOURCES:

We conducted a systematic review of the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, conference proceedings, clinical practice guidelines, and other sources using a comprehensive strategy.

STUDY SELECTION:

We identified randomized control trials comparing quantitative resuscitation with standard resuscitation in adult patients who were diagnosed with sepsis using standard criteria. The primary outcome variable was mortality.

DATA ABSTRACTION:

Three authors independently extracted data and assessed study quality using standardized instruments; consensus was reached by conference. Preplanned subgroup analysis required studies to be categorized based on early (at the time of diagnosis) vs. late resuscitation implementation. We used the chi-square test and I to assess for statistical heterogeneity (p < 0.10, I > 25%). The primary analysis was based on the random effects model to produce pooled odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals.

RESULTS:

The search yielded 29 potential publications; nine studies were included in the final analysis, providing a sample of 1001 patients. The combined results demonstrate a decrease in mortality (odds ratio 0.64, 95% confidence interval 0.43-0.96); however, there was statistically significant heterogeneity (p = 0.07, I = 45%). Among the early quantitative resuscitation studies (n = 6) there was minimal heterogeneity (p = 0.40, I = 2.4%) and a significant decrease in mortality (odds ratio 0.50, 95% confidence interval 0.37-0.69). The late quantitative resuscitation studies (n = 3) demonstrated no significant effect on mortality (odds ratio 1.16, 95% confidence interval 0.60-2.22).

CONCLUSION:

This meta-analysis found that applying an early quantitative resuscitation strategy to patients with sepsis imparts a significant reduction in mortality.

Comment in

PMID:
18766093
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2737059
Free PMC Article

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