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Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Sep;25(3):E17. doi: 10.3171/FOC/2008/25/9/E17.

Utility of neuronavigation and neuromonitoring in epilepsy surgery.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, Division of Neurosurgery, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


The management of medically refractory epilepsy poses both a valuable therapeutic opportunity and a formidable technical challenge to epilepsy surgeons. Recent decades have produced significant advancements in the capabilities and availability of adjunctive tools in epilepsy surgery. In particular, image-based neuronavigation and electrophysiological neuromonitoring represent versatile and informative modalities that can assist a surgeon in performing safe and effective resections. In the present article the authors discuss these 2 subjects with reference to how they can be applied and what evidence supports their use. As technologies evolve with demonstrated and potential utility, it is important for all clinicians who deal with epilepsy to understand where neuronavigation and neuromonitoring stand in the present and what avenues for improvement exist for the future.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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