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Biochemistry. 2008 Sep 23;47(38):10041-8. doi: 10.1021/bi800972z. Epub 2008 Aug 30.

Apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 attenuates atrial natriuretic peptide secretion.

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  • 1Cardiovascular Institute, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.


Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is an endogenous peptide hormone that is synthesized and secreted by the myocardium in health and disease. Although the bioactivity of this molecule has been studied extensively, cellular mechanisms governing its processing and secretion are not fully understood. Through a yeast two-hybrid screen of a cDNA library made from tissue of a failing human heart, we have discovered that the precursor of ANP, natriuretic peptide precursor (NPPA), physically interacts with the N-terminus of apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1), a kinase believed to be involved in the pathogenesis of heart failure. We demonstrated that NPPA is a substrate of ASK1 in an in vitro kinase assay. Indirect immunofluorescence microscopy shows that, when expressed in Hela cells, ASK1 and NPPA exhibit distinct, but overlapping, staining patterns, suggesting partial colocalization in cells. Additionally, coexpressing wild-type ASK1 with NPPA in Hela cells led to reduced levels of NPPA in the culture medium, suggesting that ASK1 negatively impacts NPPA processing and/or secretion. This negative effect was less pronounced when a dominant-negative allele of ASK1 with deficient kinase activity was coexpressed with NPPA. Because both ASK1 and ANP are associated with pathologic cardiac hypertrophy, their interaction may have pathophysiological and therapeutic relevance.

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