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Am J Hypertens. 2008 Oct;21(10):1144-51. doi: 10.1038/ajh.2008.252. Epub 2008 Aug 28.

Obesity promotes left ventricular concentric rather than eccentric geometric remodeling and hypertrophy independent of blood pressure.

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  • 1Cardiovascular Pathophysiology and Genomics Research Unit, School of Physiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. angela.woodiwiss@wits.ac.za

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

As it is uncertain whether excess adiposity promotes primarily concentric or eccentric left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), we aimed to determine at a population level, the independent relationship between waist circumference (WC) and LV geometric changes and the potential hemodynamic mechanisms thereof.

METHODS:

We assessed the relations between WC and LV end-diastolic diameter (EDD), LV mean wall thickness (MWT = posterior + septal wall thickness/2), LV relative wall thickness (RWT = MWT/EDD), LV mass index (LVMI), concentric LVH (LVMI > 51 g/m2.7 and RWT > 0.45), eccentric LVH (LVMI > 51 g/m2.7 and RWT < 0.45), or concentric LV remodeling (normal LVMI and RWT > 0.45), in 309 never treated for hypertension, randomly recruited adult participants with a high prevalence of excess adiposity ( approximately 25% overweight; 38% obese). Pulse-wave analysis was performed to determine central artery blood pressures (BPs). Two hundred and thirty-one participants had high-quality ambulatory BP monitoring.

RESULTS:

Approximately 7% of participants had concentric LVH, approximately 16% concentric LV remodeling, and approximately 15% eccentric LVH. After adjustments for potential confounders including conventional systolic BP (SBP), WC was related to MWT (partial r = 0.23, P = 0.0001), RWT (partial r = 0.13, P = 0.03), concentric LVH (P < 0.04), concentric LV remodeling (P = 0.02), but not with EDD or eccentric LVH (P = 0.91). Similar outcomes were noted after adjustments for central or 24-h SBP, and for conventional, central, or 24-h pulse pressure. Separate analysis in normotensive subjects revealed similar outcomes.

CONCLUSIONS:

In a population sample with a high prevalence of obesity, excess adiposity promotes concentric, rather than eccentric LV geometric changes, effects which are independent of conventional, central artery or 24-h BP measured on a single occasion.

PMID:
18756261
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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