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Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2008 Oct;27(10):939-41. doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e3181723751.

The role of respiratory viral infections among children hospitalized for community-acquired pneumonia in a developing country.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Federal University of Bahia School of Medicine, Salvador, Brazil. nascimentocarvalho@hotmail.com


We report an investigation for 16 bacteria and viruses among 184 children hospitalized with pneumonia in Salvador, Brazil. Etiology was established in 144 (78%) cases. Viral, bacterial, and mixed infections were found in 110 (60%), 77 (42%), and 52 (28%) patients, respectively. Rhinovirus (21%) and Streptococcus pneumoniae (21%) were the most common pathogens. Our results demonstrate the importance of viral and pneumococcal infections among those patients.

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