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J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2008 Nov-Dec;15(6):770-5. doi: 10.1197/jamia.M2774. Epub 2008 Aug 28.

External validation of EPICON: a grouping system for estimating morbidity rates using electronic medical records.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medical Informatics, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, the Netherlands. m.biermans@mi.umcn.nl

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To externally validate EPICON, a computerized system for grouping diagnoses from EMRs in general practice into episodes of care. These episodes can be used for estimating morbidity rates.

DESIGN:

Comparative observational study.

MEASUREMENTS:

Morbidity rates from an independent dataset, based on episode-oriented EMRs, were used as the gold standard. The EMRs in this dataset contained diagnoses which were manually grouped by GPs. The authors ungrouped these diagnoses and regrouped them automatically into episodes using EPICON. The authors then used these episodes to estimate morbidity rates that were compared to the gold standard. The differences between the two sets of morbidity rates were calculated and the authors analyzed large as well as structural differences to establish possible causes.

RESULTS:

In general, the morbidity rates based on EPICON deviate only slightly from the gold standard. Out of 675 diagnoses, 36 (5%) were considered to be deviating diagnoses. The deviating diagnoses showed differences for two main reasons: "differences in rules between the two methods of episode construction" and "inadequate performance of EPICON."

CONCLUSION:

The EPICON system performs well for the large majority of the morbidity rates. We can therefore conclude that EPICON is useful for grouping episodes to estimate morbidity rates using EMRs from general practices. Morbidity rates of diseases with a broad range of symptoms should, however, be interpreted cautiously.

PMID:
18755995
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2585534
Free PMC Article

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