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Histopathology. 2008 Aug;53(2):205-17. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2559.2008.03076.x.

MYC translocation and an increased copy number predict poor prognosis in adult diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), especially in germinal centre-like B cell (GCB) type.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Tumour Immunity Medical Research Centre, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.



Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a heterogeneous disease with various genetic alterations. The aim was to investigate MYC, Bcl-2 and Bcl-6 translocations and copy number changes in adult DLBCLs to evaluate their clinicopathological features and prognostic implications.


Gene status was examined using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and the results were analysed in the context of germinal centre B-cell (GCB) and non-GCB type of DLBCL based on immunohistochemistry. MYC translocation was observed in 9% (14 of 156), and an increased copy number (ICN) in 7.1% (11 of 156). MYC translocation was more common in GCB type (22%) than in non-GCB type (4.9%), and associated with advanced International Prognostic Index (IPI). MYC aberration, i.e. translocation or increased copy number (ICN), was significantly associated with shorter overall survival, especially for the GCB type. Bcl-2 translocation was rare (3.4%, five of 145), and ICN was observed in 11.7% (17 of 145), more frequently in non-GCB type (16%) than in GCB type (2.5%). Bcl-2 aberration tended to have an adverse effect on survival. In multivariate analysis, MYC ICN was an independent poor prognostic factor.


Analyses of MYC and Bcl-2 status, i.e. translocation and ICN, in the context of DLBCL phenotype might help predict prognosis and determine therapeutic strategies.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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