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J Biol Chem. 2008 Oct 24;283(43):29593-601. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M802493200. Epub 2008 Aug 26.

Phospholipase Cgamma2 mediates RANKL-stimulated lymph node organogenesis and osteoclastogenesis.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, University of Alabama at Birmingham and Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA.


Phospholipase Cgamma2 (PLCgamma2) is an important signaling effector of multiple receptors in the immune system. Here we show that PLCgamma2-deficient mice displayed impaired lymph node organogenesis but normal splenic structure and Peyer's patches. Receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL) is a tumor necrosis factor family cytokine and is essential for lymph node organogenesis. Importantly, PLCgamma2 deficiency severely impaired RANKL signaling, resulting in marked reduction of RANKL-induced activation of MAPKs, p38 and JNK, but not ERK. The lack of PLCgamma2 markedly diminished RANKL-induced activation of NF-kappaB, AP-1, and NFATc1. Moreover, PLCgamma2 deficiency impaired RANKL-mediated biological function, leading to failure of the PLCgamma2-deficient bone marrow macrophage precursors to differentiate into osteoclasts after RANKL stimulation. Re-introduction of PLCgamma2 but not PLCgamma1 restores RANKL-mediated osteoclast differentiation of PLCgamma2-deficient bone marrow-derived monocyte/macrophage. Taken together, PLCgamma2 is essential for RANK signaling, and its deficiency leads to defective lymph node organogenesis and osteoclast differentiation.

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