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J Clin Periodontol. 2008 Sep;35(8 Suppl):333-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2008.01278.x.

Periodontal diseases and health: Consensus Report of the Sixth European Workshop on Periodontology.

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  • 1Center for Oral Health and Systematic Diseases, School of Dentistry, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40202, USA.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The remit of this group was to update the knowledge base on periodontal diseases and health.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

The literature was systematically searched and critically reviewed in five specific topics.

RESULTS:

Prevalence of periodontitis: The data suggest a trend towards a lower prevalence of periodontitis in recent years. Adverse pregnancy outcome: The findings indicate a likely association between periodontal disease and an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. There is no evidence that treating periodontal disease decreases the rate of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Prevalence and distribution of periodontal pathogens: Genetic analysis of bacteria has demonstrated an unanticipated diversity within species. Carriage rates and particular subsets of these species vary between ethnic groups. Few of these differences can be related to differences in disease prevalence. Diabetes mellitus: Evidence on the association supports the concept of increased severity but not extent of periodontitis in subjects with poorly controlled diabetes. It is inconclusive that periodontal treatment results in improved metabolic control. Cardiovascular diseases: Evidence suggests that having periodontitis contributes to the total infectious and inflammation burden and may contribute to cardiovascular events and stroke in susceptible subjects. The impact of periodontal therapy must be further investigated.

PMID:
18724860
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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