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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Aug 26;105(34):12429-34. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0806585105. Epub 2008 Aug 21.

Beyond tumor necrosis factor receptor: TRADD signaling in toll-like receptors.

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  • 1The Campbell Family Institute for Breast Cancer Research, University Health Network and Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada M5G 2C1.


Tumor necrosis factor receptor 1-associated death domain protein (TRADD) is the core adaptor recruited to TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1) upon TNFalpha stimulation. In cells from TRADD-deficient mice, TNFalpha-mediated apoptosis and TNFalpha-stimulated NF-kappaB, JNK, and ERK activation are defective. TRADD is also important for germinal center formation, DR3-mediated costimulation of T cells, and TNFalpha-mediated inflammatory responses in vivo. TRADD deficiency does not enhance IFNgamma-induced signaling. Importantly, TRADD has a novel role in TLR3 and TLR4 signaling. TRADD participates in the TLR4 complex formed upon LPS stimulation, and TRADD-deficient macrophages show impaired cytokine production in response to TLR ligands in vitro. Thus, TRADD is a multifunctional protein crucial both for TNFR1 signaling and other signaling pathways relevant to immune responses.

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