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Dermatol Online J. 2008 Jul 15;14(7):12.

Palisaded encapsulated neuroma (PEN): an often misdiagnosed neural tumor.

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  • 1Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, USA.


We describe a unique case of a young man with concomitant Fragile X syndrome who presented with a dome-shaped pearly papule under the nose that had enlarged over 9 months. Histology demonstrated a smoothly contoured spindle cell neoplasm of the dermis with neuroid structures and foci of palisaded growth, consistent with a diagnosis of palisaded encapsulated neuroma (PEN). Palisaded encapsulated neuroma is a benign neural neoplasm of the skin or mucosa that displays histologic features of both a neurofibroma and a schwannoma. However, unlike these tumors, PEN lacks the implications for underlying systemic disease or malignancy. Palisaded encapsulated neuroma is a commonly underdiagnosed and misdiagnosed tumor that, once identified clinically and histologically, can be easily excised without recurrence.

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