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Biomacromolecules. 2008 Sep;9(9):2329-37. doi: 10.1021/bm800234r. Epub 2008 Aug 21.

Development of a sialic acid-containing hydrogel of poly[N-(2-hydroxypropyl) methacrylamide]: characterization and implantation study.

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  • 1Centre de Recherches sur les Macromolecules Vegetales (CERMAV-CNRS), BP 53, 38041 Grenoble Cedex 09, France.


This study describes the preparation and the characterization of poly[ N-(2-hydroxypropyl methacrylamide)] hydrogel with bulk-modified saccharidic portion of ganglioside GM 3 (Neu5Ac-alpha2,3-Gal-beta1,4-Glc). The 3'-sialyllactose is a bioactive epitope recognized by many cell surface receptors on viruses, bacteria, and human cells such as growth factor receptors. Acrylated 3'-sialyllactose was synthesized and incorporated into the macromolecular network of hydrogels by free radical cross-linking copolymerization. Fluorescence techniques coupled to confocal laser scanning microscopy was employed to characterize the binding and accessibility of the sialyl group in the polymer network by using a monoclonal antibody against GM 3 and the lectin wheat germ agglutinin. The morphology of the network was examined by scanning electron microscopy and confocal microscopy to image the gel morphology. The water content of sialyllactosyl-HPMA hydrogel compared to unmodified gel was characterized by swelling measurements and thermogravimetry. A preliminary implantation study in rat brain was performed to examine the biofunctionality of the sialyllactosyl hydrogel using an experimental model of Parkinson's disease.

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