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Arch Surg. 2008 Aug;143(8):736-42; discussion 742. doi: 10.1001/archsurg.143.8.736.

Carotid endarterectomy as the criterion standard in high-risk elderly patients.

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  • 1Section of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of California, San Diego, CA 92103-8403, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) is now a viable alternative to carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in patients considered to be high-risk candidates for surgery, despite recent reports of increased adverse periprocedural outcomes in elderly patients. We sought to evaluate our single-institution experience and the 30-day perioperative outcomes of CEA in patients 75 years or older, who are traditionally considered high-risk surgical candidates and are recommended for CAS.

DESIGN:

Retrospective medical record review.

SETTING:

Academic tertiary care center.

PATIENTS:

All patients 75 years or older undergoing CEA during a 16-year period.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Primary outcome of 30-day perioperative stroke, death, or myocardial infarction (MI) and a composite outcome of stroke, death, or MI. Secondary outcomes of all perioperative complications were exclusive of primary outcomes.

RESULTS:

One hundred seventeen CEAs were performed in 110 patients 75 years or older. Significant medical comorbidities were well represented among the group. Among the patients, 50.4% were symptomatic, 60.7% had greater than 90% carotid stenosis, and 44.4% had contralateral disease. Primary outcome for any stroke, death, or MI was 1.7%, 0.9%, or 3.4%, respectively, with a composite event rate of any stroke or death of 2.6%. One or more secondary outcomes were experienced by 26.5% of patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

Carotid endarterectomy in elderly patients with significant comorbidities, traditionally thought to be a high-risk undertaking, is a safe procedure with periprocedural risks of stroke, death, and MI equivalent to those of younger patients. In light of the increased stroke risk in elderly patients with CAS, CEA remains the criterion standard for prevention of stroke in this patient population.

Comment in

PMID:
18711032
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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