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Nepal Med Coll J. 2008 Mar;10(1):4-7.

Lipid profile of adult Nepalese population.

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  • 1Sahid Gangalal Nat'l Heart Centre, Kathmandu, Nepal.


Dyslipidemia is one of the major risk factors of coronary artery disease. Present study was aimed to find out the lipid profile of non-diabetic adult Nepalese population (n = 454; M: 180 and F: 274; Mean age: 42.8+/-15.5 years). The mean +/- SD (mg/dl) level of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein (LDL) and high density lipoprotein (HDL) was 184+/-50.7, 147.4+/-79.9, 111.9+/-42.0 and 45.0+/-11.7, respectively. All lipid levels except LDL were higher among 41 to 60 years age group while LDL was higher among participants aged >60 years. Desirable TC level (<200 mg/dl) was found in 78.0% of the total population while the normal TG (<150 mg/dl) and LDL (<129 mg/dl) was found in 61.5% and 72.0%, respectively. High TC (> or =240 mg/dl) and very high TG (> or =500 mg/dl) and LDL (> or =190 mg/dl) were found in 8.8%, 2.6% and 5.8% of participants, respectively. Higher HDL level (40 mg/dl) was seen in 60.0% of the total population. Higher percentage of women than men (65.3% vs 52.2%) had >40 mg/dl HDL level. Nornal lipid profile (TC <200 mg/dl, TG <150 mg/dl, LDL <129 mg/dl, HDL >40 mg/dl) was seen in 26.7% of participants, and was higher in females (32.1%) than in males (18.3%). The overall mean cholesterol level was within normal limit. Mean LDL level showed increasing trend with age and about one fourth of participants had normal lipid profile.

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