Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2008 Oct;47(10):1189-96. doi: 10.1097/CHI.0b013e3181825ace.

Attention bias toward threat in pediatric anxiety disorders.

Author information

  • 1NYU Child Study Center, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA. amy.roy@nyumc.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine attention bias toward threat faces in a large sample of anxiety-disordered youths using a well-established visual probe task.

METHOD:

Study participants included 101 children and adolescents (ages 7-18 years) with generalized anxiety disorder, social phobia, and/or separation anxiety disorder enrolled in a multisite anxiety treatment study. Nonanxious youths (n = 51; ages 9-18 years) were recruited separately. Participants were administered a computerized visual probe task that presents pairs of faces portraying threat (angry), positive (happy), and neutral expressions. They pressed a response key to indicate the spatial location of a probe that replaced one of the faces on each trial. Attention bias scores were calculated from response times to probes for each emotional face type.

RESULTS:

Compared to healthy youths, anxious participants demonstrated a greater attention bias toward threat faces. This threat bias in anxious patients did not significantly vary across the anxiety disorders. There was no group difference in attention bias toward happy faces.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results suggest that pediatric anxiety disorders are associated with an attention bias toward threat. Future research may examine the manner in which cognitive bias in anxious youths changes with treatment.

PMID:
18698266
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2783849
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (1)Free text

Figure 1
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk