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Exp Neurol. 1991 Aug;113(2):221-5.

Induction of demyelination by intraneural injection of antibodies against sulfoglucuronyl paragloboside.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Medical College of Virginia, Commonwealth University, Richmond 23298.


Sulfoglucuronyl glycolipids (SGGLs) carry the glucuronyl 3-sulfate (HNK-1) epitope which is recognized by monoclonal IgM paraproteins from patients with demyelinating polyneuropathy. We report that intraneural injections of rat anti-SGGL antibodies induce demyelination in rat sciatic nerve, along with mild to moderate clinical symptoms. Morphologically, vesiculation and loosening of the myelin sheath were observed 3 h postinjection, followed by extensive demyelination and macrophage infiltration after 4 days. Since the anti-SGGL antibodies showed no cross-reactivity with other components in rat sciatic nerve, these results indicate that SGGLs alone can serve as the target antigens in demyelinating neuropathy.

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