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Science. 2008 Aug 8;321(5890):843-7. doi: 10.1126/science.1159407.

Deletional tolerance mediated by extrathymic Aire-expressing cells.

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  • 1Diabetes Center, University of California San Francisco (UCSF), San Francisco, CA 94122, USA.

Abstract

The prevention of autoimmunity requires the elimination of self-reactive T cells during their development and maturation. The expression of diverse self-antigens by stromal cells in the thymus is essential to this process and depends, in part, on the activity of the autoimmune regulator (Aire) gene. Here we report the identification of extrathymic Aire-expressing cells (eTACs) resident within the secondary lymphoid organs. These stromally derived eTACs express a diverse array of distinct self-antigens and are capable of interacting with and deleting naïve autoreactive T cells. Using two-photon microscopy, we observed stable antigen-specific interactions between eTACs and autoreactive T cells. We propose that such a secondary network of self-antigen-expressing stromal cells may help reinforce immune tolerance by preventing the maturation of autoreactive T cells that escape thymic negative selection.

PMID:
18687966
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2532844
Free PMC Article
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