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Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2008 Oct;466(10):2438-42. doi: 10.1007/s11999-008-0412-3. Epub 2008 Aug 7.

Nongovernmental organizations in musculoskeletal care: Orthopaedics Overseas.

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  • 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, CA 92110, USA.


Injuries are a major worldwide contributor to morbidity and mortality. The negative impact caused by such injuries is disproportionately heavy in developing countries. Such disparities are caused by a complex array of problems, including a lack of physical resources, poor infrastructure, and a shortage of trained health professionals. Overcoming such deficits in care will require the involvement of organizations that can offer broad-based solutions. These organizations must bridge the gap between private and public institutions to establish a systems-based approach to program development and institution-building. They must provide not just an adequate level of care, but a transfer of knowledge that leads to sustainable and cost-effective intervention. Orthopedics Overseas is an example of such an organization. We examine the development of Orthopedics Overseas and describe their interventions in Uganda as a case-study to show the unique position they have to affect change.

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