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J Mol Microbiol Biotechnol. 2008;15(2-3):93-120. doi: 10.1159/000121324. Epub 2008 Jul 28.

Anaerobic biodegradation of aromatic hydrocarbons: pathways and prospects.

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  • 1Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton Alta., Canada. julia.foght@ualberta.ca

Abstract

Aromatic hydrocarbons contaminate many environments worldwide, and their removal often relies on microbial bioremediation. Whereas aerobic biodegradation has been well studied for decades, anaerobic hydrocarbon biodegradation is a nascent field undergoing rapid shifts in concept and scope. This review presents known metabolic pathways used by microbes to degrade aromatic hydrocarbons using various terminal electron acceptors; an outline of the few catabolic genes and enzymes currently characterized; and speculation about current and potential applications for anaerobic degradation of aromatic hydrocarbons.

Copyright 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel.

PMID:
18685265
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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