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Transplant Rev (Orlando). 2008 Oct;22(4):274-84. doi: 10.1016/j.trre.2008.07.001. Epub 2008 Aug 6.

Vaccination of the solid organ transplant recipient.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine IV, University of the Saarland, Homburg, Germany. martina.sester@uks.e


Active immunization is the most important way to protect immunocompromised patients from vaccine-preventable infectious diseases. Although live vaccines are contraindicated for most immunocompromised patients, many inactivated or conjugate vaccines are safe and generally recommended. Some vaccines are known to be of suboptimal immunogenicity in transplant recipients. As a consequence, this may be associated with an impaired ability to mount protective immunity. Nevertheless, even partial protection has been shown to confer significant benefit to this vulnerable patient group. To increase efficacy in generating protective immunity, patients should complete the full complement of recommended vaccinations early in the course of disease before transplantation. This review summarizes the general recommendations for vaccinations of adult transplant recipients and candidates including special considerations for household contacts and health care workers.

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