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Appl Nurs Res. 2008 Aug;21(3):123-30. doi: 10.1016/j.apnr.2006.10.005.

Influence of intention and self-efficacy levels on duration of breastfeeding for midwest rural mothers.

Author information

  • 1University of Nebraska College of Nursing, West Nebraska Division, Scottsbluff, NE 69361, USA. slwilhel@unmc.edu



The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of two modifiable factors (intention to breastfeed for 6 months and breastfeeding self-efficacy) with the duration of breastfeeding in primiparous women.


Analyzed by logistic regression in a single prediction model, stronger intention (odds ratio = 1.89) and higher levels of self-efficacy at 2 weeks postpartum (odds ratio = 1.04) were significantly (p < .05) associated with an increased probability of breastfeeding for 6 months.


The combined influence of higher intention and self-efficacy increased the likelihood of breastfeeding for the recommended 6 months. Interventions to reinforce both should be designed and evaluated.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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