Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Neurochem Int. 2008 Dec;53(6-8):207-13. doi: 10.1016/j.neuint.2008.07.003. Epub 2008 Jul 17.

Regulation of the neuronal norepinephrine transporter by endothelin-1 and -3 in the rat anterior and posterior hypothalamus.

Author information

  • 1Cátedra de Fisiología e Instituto de Química y Metabolismo del Fármaco, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Abstract

We previously reported that endothelin-1 and endothelin-3 modulate norepinephrine neuronal release and tyrosine hydroxylase activity and expression in the hypothalamus. In the present study we sought to establish the role of endothelin-1 and -3 in the regulation of norepinephrine uptake in the anterior and posterior hypothalamus. Results showed that in the anterior hypothalamus endothelin-3 increased neuronal norepinephrine uptake whereas endothelin-1 decreased it. Conversely, in the posterior hypothalamic region both endothelins diminished the neuronal uptake of the amine. Endothelins response was concentration dependent and maintained at all studied times. Endothelins also modified the kinetic and internalization of the NE neuronal transporter. In the anterior hypothalamic region endothelin-3 increased the V(max) and the B(max) whereas endothelin-1 decreased them. However, in the posterior hypothalamic region both endothelins diminished the V(max) as well as B(max). Neither endothelin-1 nor endothelin-3 modified neuronal norepinephrine transporter K(d) in the studied hypothalamic regions. These findings support that in the posterior hypothalamic region both endothelins diminished neuronal norepinephrine transporter activity by reducing the amine transporter expression on the plasmatic membrane. Conversely, in the anterior hypothalamic region endothelin-3 enhanced neuronal norepinephrine transporter activity by increasing the expression of the transporter on the presynaptic membrane, whereas endothelin-1 induced the opposite effect. Present results permit us to conclude that both endothelins play an important role in the regulation of norepinephrine neurotransmission at the presynaptic nerve endings in the hypothalamus.

PMID:
18682267
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk