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Biol Reprod. 1991 May;44(5):747-51.

Sex difference in whole-body androgen content in rats on fetal days 18 and 19 without evidence that androgen passes from males to females.

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  • 1Department of Endocrinology and Reproduction, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

The whole-body content of androgen (testosterone + 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone) was significantly higher on Fetal Days 18 and 19 in male than in female rats; androgen content was equivalent in the two sexes at other fetal ages, including Days 16, 17, 20, and 21, and prior to parturition on Fetal Day 22. These results partially corroborate previous data of Weisz and Ward (Endocrinology 1980; 106:306-316), who measured testosterone in pooled plasma from rat fetuses and suggest that androgens contribute to masculine brain sexual differentiation only briefly during fetal life. No significant differences in whole-body androgen content were observed among groups of females situated in utero between 0, 1, or 2 males on each side (contiguous male model) or among groups of females with 0, 1, or 2 or more males located caudally (on the cervical side) in the same uterine horn, regardless of whether combined data from Fetal Days 17-22 or only Fetal Days 18 and 19 were considered. These results provide no evidence that androgens from males reach female fetuses in the same uterine horn.

PMID:
1868134
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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