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Vaccine. 2008 Sep 15;26(39):4978-83. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2008.07.026. Epub 2008 Aug 3.

World wide experience with inactivated poliovirus vaccine.

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  • 1Global Scientific and Medical Affairs, Sanofi Pasteur, Lyon, France. Marie-Claude.Bonnet@sanofipasteur.com

Abstract

As part of the global poliovirus eradication strategy, oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) has successfully contributed to reduce polio incidence rates globally. However, because of the OPV-related risks of vaccine associated paralytic poliomyelitis (VAPP) and vaccine-derived polioviruses (VDPVs) OPV cessation is required in order to achieve complete eradication of polio. Inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) is a viable option for incorporation into existing vaccination schedules so as to avoid these risks. Furthermore, the continuation of vaccination with IPV will protect populations in case of re-emergence of wild-type poliovirus from remote locations, laboratory samples, or through bioterrorism. The ability of IPV to prevent poliovirus outbreaks and provide herd protection has been demonstrated in several circumstances and in various settings. This paper reviews clinical experiences with IPV administration and outcomes in various countries in Europe, the Americas, Africa and Asia.

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PMID:
18680777
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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