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Diabetes. 2008 Nov;57(11):2943-9. doi: 10.2337/db08-0391. Epub 2008 Aug 4.

Lower intrinsic ADP-stimulated mitochondrial respiration underlies in vivo mitochondrial dysfunction in muscle of male type 2 diabetic patients.

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  • 1Department of Human Biology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

A lower in vivo mitochondrial function has been reported in both type 2 diabetic patients and first-degree relatives of type 2 diabetic patients. The nature of this reduction is unknown. Here, we tested the hypothesis that a lower intrinsic mitochondrial respiratory capacity may underlie lower in vivo mitochondrial function observed in diabetic patients.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

Ten overweight diabetic patients, 12 first-degree relatives, and 16 control subjects, all men, matched for age and BMI, participated in this study. Insulin sensitivity was measured with a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp. Ex vivo intrinsic mitochondrial respiratory capacity was determined in permeabilized skinned muscle fibers using high-resolution respirometry and normalized for mitochondrial content. In vivo mitochondrial function was determined by measuring phosphocreatine recovery half-time after exercise using (31)P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

RESULTS:

Insulin-stimulated glucose disposal was lower in diabetic patients compared with control subjects (11.2 +/- 2.8 vs. 28.9 +/- 3.7 micromol x kg(-1) fat-free mass x min(-1), respectively; P = 0.003), with intermediate values for first-degree relatives (22.1 +/- 3.4 micromol x kg(-1) fat-free mass x min(-1)). In vivo mitochondrial function was 25% lower in diabetic patients (P = 0.034) and 23% lower in first-degree relatives, but the latter did not reach statistical significance (P = 0.08). Interestingly, ADP-stimulated basal respiration was 35% lower in diabetic patients (P = 0.031), and fluoro-carbonyl cyanide phenylhydrazone-driven maximal mitochondrial respiratory capacity was 31% lower in diabetic patients (P = 0.05) compared with control subjects with intermediate values for first-degree relatives.

CONCLUSIONS:

A reduced basal ADP-stimulated and maximal mitochondrial respiratory capacity underlies the reduction in in vivo mitochondrial function, independent of mitochondrial content. A reduced capacity at both the level of the electron transport chain and phosphorylation system underlies this impaired mitochondrial capacity.

PMID:
18678616
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2570390
Free PMC Article
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