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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Sep;199(3):237.e1-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2008.06.028. Epub 2008 Jul 31.

Diabetes mellitus and birth defects.

Author information

  • 1Division of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA. acorrea@cdc.gov

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this study was to examine associations between diabetes mellitus and 39 birth defects.

STUDY DESIGN:

This was a multicenter case-control study of mothers of infants who were born with (n = 13,030) and without (n = 4895) birth defects in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (1997-2003).

RESULTS:

Pregestational diabetes mellitus (PGDM) was associated significantly with noncardiac defects (isolated, 7/23 defects; multiples, 13/23 defects) and cardiac defects (isolated, 11/16 defects; multiples, 8/16 defects). Adjusted odds ratios for PGDM and all isolated and multiple defects were 3.17 (95% CI, 2.20-4.99) and 8.62 (95% CI, 5.27-14.10), respectively. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) was associated with fewer noncardiac defects (isolated, 3/23 defects; multiples, 3/23 defects) and cardiac defects (isolated, 3/16 defects; multiples, 2/16 defects). Odds ratios between GDM and all isolated and multiple defects were 1.42 (95% CI, 1.17-1.73) and 1.50 (95% CI, 1.13-2.00), respectively. These associations were limited generally to offspring of women with prepregnancy body mass index > or =25 kg/m(2).

CONCLUSION:

PGDM was associated with a wide range of birth defects; GDM was associated with a limited group of birth defects.

PMID:
18674752
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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