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Biol Pharm Bull. 2008 Aug;31(8):1565-73.

The liquid culture filtrates of entomogenous fungus Paecilomyces tenuipes and its glycoprotein constituent protects against anemia in mice treated with 5-fluorouracil.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacognosy and Chemistry of Natural Products, Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan.


The purpose of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of a liquid culture filtrates of the entomogenous fungus Paecilomyces tenuipes (PTCF) and its main active glycoprotein-enriched (PGF) fraction against hematotoxicity in mice treated with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). Oral administration of PTCF (100 mg/kg/d) for 7 consecutive days after 5-FU injection significantly suppressed reductions in the red and white blood cell counts in peripheral blood, and accelerated their recoveries. From PTCF, glycoprotein-enriched fraction (PGF, >90% protein, approximately 15 kDa determined by SDS-PAGE) was separated as active ingredient that ameliorates 5-FU-induced anemia. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometric analysis of trypsinized-PGF showed 11 fragment ion peaks. Effective recoveries of erythrocytopenia and leukocytopenia were observed when PGF was co-administered with murine recombinant erythropoietin (mrEPO; 5 U/mouse). Oral administration of PGF also inhibited 5-FU-induced decreases in peripheral reticulocyte and bone marrow cell counts on day 12, and markedly hastened their recoveries on day 20, in dose-dependent manners. Reductions in erythroid progenitor colonies, such as colony-forming units (CFU)-erythroid and burst-forming units-erythroid mix, formed by bone marrow cells from 5-FU-treated mice were markedly improved by oral administration of PGF with subcutaneous mrEPO. Oral administration of PGF also increased the myeloid lineage progenitor, CFU-granulocyte-macrophages, in cultured bone marrow cells. These findings suggest that PGF isolated from P. tenuipes has the potential to protect against 5-FU-inudced erythrocytopenia and leukopenia, especially in combination with mrEPO, and also has hematopoietic activity, through stimulation of immature erythroid as well as myeloid progenitor cell differentiation.

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