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Arch Virol. 2008;153(9):1677-84. doi: 10.1007/s00705-008-0168-9. Epub 2008 Aug 1.

GTPase activity is not essential for the interferon-inducible MxA protein to inhibit the replication of hepatitis B virus.

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  • 1Department of Infectious Diseases, Nanfang Hospital, Nanfang Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Abstract

Multiple studies have established that GTPase activity is critical for MxA to act against RNA viruses. Recently, it was shown that MxA can also restrict the replication of hepatitis B virus (HBV), a DNA virus, but the requirements for GTPase activity in inhibition of HBV by MxA remain unknown. Here, we report that GTPase-defective mutants (K83A, T103A, and L612K) can downregulate extracellular HBsAg and HBeAg and reduce the expression of extra- and intracellular HBV DNA in HepG2 cells to levels similar to that achieved by wild-type MxA. Furthermore, TMxA and T103, two nuclear forms of wild-type MxA and a GTPase-defective mutant (T103A) could only slightly decrease the expression of extra- and intracellular HBV DNA in HepG2 cells. In conclusion, GTPase activity is not essential for MxA protein to inhibit HBV replication, and MxA may have only a minimal effect on the replicative cycle of HBV in the nucleus.

PMID:
18668195
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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