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J Biol Chem. 2008 Oct 10;283(41):27973-81. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M802325200. Epub 2008 Jul 30.

Receptor tyrosine kinase Ror2 mediates Wnt5a-induced polarized cell migration by activating c-Jun N-terminal kinase via actin-binding protein filamin A.

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  • 1Department of Physiology and Cell Biology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe University, 7-5-1, Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-0017, Japan.

Abstract

The receptor tyrosine kinase Ror2 has recently been shown to act as an alternative receptor or coreceptor for Wnt5a and to mediate Wnt5a-induced migration of cultured cells. However, little is known about the molecular mechanism underlying this migratory process. Here we show by wound-healing assays that Ror2 plays critical roles in Wnt5a-induced cell migration by regulating formation of lamellipodia and reorientation of microtubule-organizing center (MTOC). Wnt5a stimulation induces activation of the c-Jun N-terminal kinase JNK at the wound edge in a Ror2-dependent manner, and inhibiting JNK activity abrogates Wnt5a-induced lamellipodia formation and MTOC reorientation. Additionally, the association of Ror2 with the actin-binding protein filamin A is required for Wnt5a-induced JNK activation and polarized cell migration. We further show that Wnt5a-induced JNK activation and MTOC reorientation can be suppressed by inhibiting PKCzeta. Taken together, our findings indicate that Wnt5a/Ror2 activates JNK, through a process involving filamin A and PKCzeta, to regulate polarized cell migration.

PMID:
18667433
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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