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Health Serv Res. 2008 Dec;43(6):2239-52. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2008.00875.x. Epub 2008 Jul 28.

Adverse hospital events for mentally ill patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, ECMC, Clinical Center CC-163, State University of New York at Buffalo, 462 Grider Street, Buffalo, NY 14215, USA. yueli@buffalo.edu

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Patients with mental disorders show higher burden of coronary heart disease, and may face special safety issues during in-hospital cardiac care.

OBJECTIVES:

To compare the postoperative complication rate between patients with and without mental disorders undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS:

Retrospective analyses of New York state hospital claims between 1997 and 2004 (N=135,701). Complications were defined using the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Indicators (AHRQ PSI).

PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

Mental disorders were significantly associated with higher anesthesia complications (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]=6.44, p < .001), decubitus ulcer (AOR=1.42, p = .006), postoperative hip fracture (AOR = 3.29, p < .001), and overall complication rate representing nine PSIs (AOR = 1.27, p < .001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Mentally ill patients undergoing CABG surgery are more likely to experience potentially preventable complications and injuries. The mechanism underlying this observation warrants further study.

PMID:
18665856
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2613995
Free PMC Article
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