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Histochem Cell Biol. 2008 Oct;130(4):719-40. doi: 10.1007/s00418-008-0462-3. Epub 2008 Jul 30.

Peroxisomes in mouse and human lung: their involvement in pulmonary lipid metabolism.

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  • 1Institute for Anatomy and Cell Biology II, Division of Medical Cell Biology, Justus Liebig University, Aulweg 123, 35385 Giessen, Germany.

Abstract

Only sparse information is available from the literature on the peroxisomal compartment and its enzyme composition in mouse and human lungs. Therefore, in the present investigation we have characterized peroxisomes in different cell types of adult mouse (C57BL/6J) and human lungs in a comprehensive study using a variety of light-, fluorescence- and electron microscopic as well as biochemical techniques and by the use of various peroxisomal marker proteins (Pex13p, Pex14p, ABCD3, beta-oxidation enzymes and catalase). In contrast to previous reports, we have found that peroxisomes are present in all cell types in human and mouse lungs. However, they differ significantly and in a cell-type-specific manner in their structure, numerical abundance and enzyme composition. Whereas catalase showed significant differences between distinct cell types, Pex14p proved to be the marker of choice for labeling all lung peroxisomes. In alveolar type II cells and alveolar macrophages peroxisomes contained significant amounts of the lipid transporter ABCD3 and beta-oxidation enzymes, suggesting their involvement in the modification and recycling of surfactant lipids and in the control of lipid mediators and ligands for nuclear receptors of the PPAR family. Possible connections between ROS and lipid metabolism of lung peroxisomes are discussed.

PMID:
18665385
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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