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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Jul 29;105(30):10308-13. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0801991105. Epub 2008 Jul 28.

Indo-European and Asian origins for Chilean and Pacific chickens revealed by mtDNA.

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  • 1Centre for Advanced Technologies in Animal Genetics and Reproduction, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Sydney, Sydney NSW 2006, Australia. j.gongora@usyd.edu.au

Erratum in

  • Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Sep 16;105(37):14234.

Abstract

European chickens were introduced into the American continents by the Spanish after their arrival in the 15th century. However, there is ongoing debate as to the presence of pre-Columbian chickens among Amerindians in South America, particularly in relation to Chilean breeds such as the Araucana and Passion Fowl. To understand the origin of these populations, we have generated partial mitochondrial DNA control region sequences from 41 native Chilean specimens and compared them with a previously generated database of approximately 1,000 domestic chicken sequences from across the world as well as published Chilean and Polynesian ancient DNA sequences. The modern Chilean sequences cluster closely with haplotypes predominantly distributed among European, Indian subcontinental, and Southeast Asian chickens, consistent with a European genetic origin. A published, apparently pre-Columbian, Chilean specimen and six pre-European Polynesian specimens also cluster with the same European/Indian subcontinental/Southeast Asian sequences, providing no support for a Polynesian introduction of chickens to South America. In contrast, sequences from two archaeological sites on Easter Island group with an uncommon haplogroup from Indonesia, Japan, and the Philippines [corrected] and may represent a genetic signature of an early Polynesian dispersal. Modeling of the potential marine carbon contribution to the Chilean archaeological specimen casts further doubt on claims for pre-Columbian chickens, and definitive proof will require further analyses of ancient DNA sequences and radiocarbon and stable isotope data from archaeological excavations within both Chile and Polynesia.

Comment in

  • Pre-Columbian chickens, dates, isotopes, and mtDNA. [Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008]
PMID:
18663216
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2492461
Free PMC Article

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