Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Gen Physiol. 2008 Aug;132(2):239-50. doi: 10.1085/jgp.200809988.

Ni2+ block of CaV3.1 (alpha1G) T-type calcium channels.

Author information

  • 1Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA.


Ni(2+) inhibits current through calcium channels, in part by blocking the pore, but Ni(2+) may also allosterically affect channel activity via sites outside the permeation pathway. As a test for pore blockade, we examined whether the effect of Ni(2+) on Ca(V)3.1 is affected by permeant ions. We find two components to block by Ni(2+), a rapid block with little voltage dependence, and a slow block most visible as accelerated tail currents. Rapid block is weaker for outward vs. inward currents (apparent K(d) = 3 vs. 1 mM Ni(2+), with 2 mM Ca(2+) or Ba(2+)) and is reduced at high permeant ion concentration (110 vs. 2 mM Ca(2+) or Ba(2+)). Slow block depends both on the concentration and on the identity of the permeant ion (Ca(2+) vs. Ba(2+) vs. Na(+)). Slow block is 2-3x faster in Ba(2+) than in Ca(2+) (2 or 110 mM), and is approximately 10x faster with 2 vs. 110 mM Ca(2+) or Ba(2+). Slow block is orders of magnitude slower than the diffusion limit, except in the nominal absence of divalent cations ( approximately 3 muM Ca(2+)). We conclude that both fast and slow block of Ca(V)3.1 by Ni(2+) are most consistent with occlusion of the pore. The exit rate of Ni(2+) for slow block is reduced at high Ni(2+) concentrations, suggesting that the site responsible for fast block can "lock in" slow block by Ni(2+), at a site located deeper within the pore. In contrast to the complex pore block observed for Ca(V)3.1, inhibition of Ca(V)3.2 by Ni(2+) was essentially independent of voltage, and was similar in 2 mM Ca(2+) vs. Ba(2+), consistent with inhibition by a different mechanism, at a site outside the pore.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk