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J Nat Prod. 2008 Aug;71(8):1343-51. doi: 10.1021/np8000442. Epub 2008 Jul 26.

Unusual C25 steroid isomers with bicyclo[4.4.1]A/B rings from a volcano ash-derived fungus Penicillium citrinum.

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  • 1Key Laboratory of Marine Drugs, Chinese Ministry of Education, School of Medicine and Pharmacy, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, People's Republic of China.


Eleven new unusual C25 steroid isomers with bicyclo[4.4.1]A/B rings, 24- epi-cyclocitrinol (1), 20-O-methyl-24-epi-cyclocitrinol (3), 20-O-methylcyclocitrinol (4), 24-oxocyclocitrinol (7), 12 R-hydroxycyclocitrinol (8), neocyclocitrinols B (10) and D (12), erythro-23-O-methylneocyclocitrinol (13), threo-23-O-methylneocyclocitrinol (14), isocyclocitrinol B (15), and precyclocitrinol B (18), and five known steroids, cyclocitrinol (2), neocyclocitrinols A (9) and C (11), isocyclocitrinol A (16), and 22-O-acetylisocyclocitrinol A (17), were characterized from cultures of the volcanic ash-derived fungus Penicillium citrinum HGY1-5. Their structures and absolute configurations were established by spectroscopic and chemical methods together with X-ray diffraction analysis. Compounds 3, 4, and 10- 14 were determined to be artifacts on the basis of acidic transformation of 1- 4. The biosynthetic origin of these steroids derived from ergosterol was investigated by feeding (13)C-labeled acetates to the growing cultures of P. citrinum HGY1-5. The biological activities of all 16 steroids were tested using the cAMP assay on GPR12-CHO and WT-CHO cells. The results showed that compounds 1, 2, 10, 11, and 14 could induce the production of cAMP in GPR12-transfected CHO cells.

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