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Surgery. 2008 Aug;144(2):259-68. doi: 10.1016/j.surg.2008.03.043.

Transanal delivery of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor prevents colonic fibrosis in a mouse colitis model: development of a unique mode of treatment.

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  • 1Section of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-0245, USA.



We have previously shown that angiotensin converting enzyme-inhibitor (ACE-I) improved colonic inflammation and apoptosis in a dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis model. This study attempted to determine whether ACE-I could prevent the development of colonic fibrosis.


Colitis was induced in C57BL/6 mice with 2.5% DSS water for 7 days, followed by 7 days without DSS (fibrosis development). Study groups: Control (naive or non-treated), DSS+Placebo (polyethylene glycol (PEG), and DSS+ACE-I (using enalaprilat and PEG which are not absorbed through intact mucosa). Placebo and ACE-I were delivered daily via transanal route. Colonic mucosal fibrosis and inflammation were evaluated based on histological findings and cytokine expression.


Transanal administration of ACE-I/PEG dose-dependently decreased the severity of fibrosis and pro-inflammatory cytokine expression. We next investigated if ACE-I acted on the TGF-beta/Smad signaling pathway as a mechanism of this anti-fibrosis action. Results showed a significant down-regulation of TGF-beta1 expression; as well, downstream signaling of the Smad family, known to mediate fibrosis, showed a decline in Smad 3 and 4 expression with ACE-I/PEG.


ACE-I/PEG is effective in preventing colonic fibrosis and pro-inflammatory cytokine expression in a DSS colitis model, most likely by down-regulating the TGF-beta signaling pathway. ACE-I/PEG may be a potential new option for treating inflammatory bowel disease.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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