Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Bioorg Med Chem. 2008 Aug 15;16(16):7631-8. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2008.07.020. Epub 2008 Jul 13.

Inhibition of oxidative metabolism of tocopherols with omega-N-heterocyclic derivatives of vitamin E.

Author information

  • 1Department of Chemistry and Centre for Biotechnology, Brock University, 500 Glenridge Avenue, St. Catharines, Ont., Canada L2S 3A1.


The oxidative metabolism of tocopherols and tocotrienols by monooxygenases is a key factor in the plasma and tissue clearance of forms of vitamin E other than alpha-tocopherol. It is well known that a commonly ingested form of vitamin E, gamma-tocopherol, has greatly reduced plasma half-life (faster clearance) than alpha-tocopherol. The tocotrienols are metabolized even faster than gamma-tocopherol. Both gamma-tocopherol and alpha- and delta-tocotrienol possess intriguing biological activities that are different from alpha-tocopherol, making them potentially of interest for therapeutic use. Unfortunately, the fast clearance of non-alpha-tocopherols from animal tissues is a significant hurdle to maximizing their effect(s) as dietary supplements. We report here the design and synthesis of N-heterocycle-containing analogues of alpha-tocopherol that act as inhibitors of Cyp4F2, the key monooxygenase responsible for omega-hydroxylation of the side chain of tocols. In particular, an omega-imidazole containing compound, 1, [(R)-2-(9-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)nonyl)-2,5,7,8-tetramethylchroman-6-ol] had an ED(50) for inhibition of gamma-CEHC production from gamma-tocopherol of approximately 1 nM when tested in HepG2 cells in culture. Furthermore, feeding of 1 to mice along with rapidly metabolized delta-tocopherol, resulted in a doubling of the delta-tocopherol/alpha-tocopherol ratio in liver (P<0.05). Thus, 1 may be a useful adjuvant to the therapeutic use of non-alpha-tocopherols.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk