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J Neuroimmunol. 2008 Aug 30;200(1-2):41-52. doi: 10.1016/j.jneuroim.2008.06.009. Epub 2008 Jul 24.

Ingress of blood-borne macrophages across the blood-brain barrier in murine HIV-1 encephalitis.

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  • 1Center for Neurovirology and Neurodegenerative Disorders, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198-5880, United States.


Blood-borne macrophage ingress into brain in HIV-1 associated neurocognitive disorders governs the tempo of disease. We used superparamagnetic iron-oxide particles loaded into murine bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMM) injected intravenously into HIV-1 encephalitis mice to quantitatively assess BMM entry into diseased brain regions. Magnetic resonance imaging tests were validated by histological coregistration and enhanced image processing. The demonstration of robust BMM migration into areas of focal encephalitis provide 'proof of concept' for the use of MRI to monitor macrophage ingress into brain.

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