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Subst Use Misuse. 2008 Jul;43(8-9):1062-77. doi: 10.1080/10826080801918189.

Women and substance use in India and Bangladesh.

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  • 1Harm Reduction HIV/AIDS Unit, WHO SEARO, New Delhi, India.


Given the feminization of the HIV epidemic in India and Bangladesh, understanding substance-use-related concerns among women is important for effective HIV prevention. This review is based on published research, reports (2000-2005), and primary data from treatment centers for drug-using women. We identify four main themes: (a) opioid use and injecting drug use in women, (b) alcohol use in sex work settings, (c) sexual transmission of HIV from male-injecting drug users (IDUs) to their regular female sex partners, and (d) sexual violence among female partners of substance-using men. We urge for focused HIV prevention interventions targeting substance-using women and female sex partners of male substance users to reduce vulnerability.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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