Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Diabetes. 2008 Nov;57(11):3145-51. doi: 10.2337/db08-0006. Epub 2008 Jul 22.

Fat mass-and obesity-associated (FTO) gene variant is associated with obesity: longitudinal analyses in two cohort studies and functional test.

Author information

  • 1Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. nhlqi@channing.harvard.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the longitudinal association of fat mass-and obesity-associated (FTO) variant with obesity, circulating adipokine levels, and FTO expression in various materials from human and mouse.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

We genotyped rs9939609 in 2,287 men and 3,520 women from two prospective cohorts. Plasma adiponectin and leptin were measured in a subset of diabetic men (n = 854) and women (n = 987). Expression of FTO was tested in adipocytes from db/db mice and mouse macrophages.

RESULTS:

We observed a trend toward decreasing associations between rs9939609 and BMI at older age (>or=65 years) in men, whereas the associations were constant across different age groups in women. In addition, the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs9939609 was associated with lower plasma adiponectin (log[e]--means, 1.82 +/- 0.04, 1.73 +/- 0.03, and 1.68 +/- 0.05 for TT, TA, and AA genotypes, respectively; P for trend = 0.02) and leptin (log[e]--means, 3.56 +/- 0.04, 3.63 +/- 0.04, and 3.70 +/- 0.06; P for trend = 0.06) in diabetic women. Adjustment for BMI attenuated the associations. FTO gene was universally expressed in human and mice tissues, including adipocytes. In an ancillary study of adipocytes from db/db mice, FTO expression was approximately 50% lower than in those from wild-type mice.

CONCLUSIONS:

The association between FTO SNP rs9939609 and obesity risk may decline at older age. The variant affects circulating adiponectin and leptin levels through the changes in BMI. In addition, the expression of FTO gene was reduced in adipocytes from db/db mice.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk