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Ann Nutr Metab. 2008;52(4):272-80. doi: 10.1159/000146274. Epub 2008 Jul 22.

Dietary supplements contribute substantially to the total nutrient intake in pregnant Norwegian women.

Author information

  • 1Department of Food Safety and Nutrition, Division of Environmental Medicine, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway. margaretha.haugen@fhi.no

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Use of dietary supplements during pregnancy may give an important contribution to nutrient intake, and for nutrients like folate and vitamin D supplements are recommended. Our objective was to study use and contribution of dietary supplement to nutrient intake among women participating in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa).

METHODS:

This study is based on 40,108 women participating in MoBa which is conducted by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. The women had filled inversion 2 of the food frequency questionnaire in MoBa between February 2002 and February 2005.

RESULTS:

81% reported use of one or more dietary supplements. The most commonly used category was cod liver oil/fish oil supplements (59%) followed by singular folic acid supplements (36%) and multivitamin/multimineral supplements (31%). The nutrient contribution of the dietary supplements varied from 65% for folate and vitamin D to 1% for potassium among supplement users. The dietary intake of vitamin D, folate, iodine and iron did not reach the Nordic Recommendations for pregnant women.

CONCLUSIONS:

Use of supplements improved the intake of folate, iron and vitamin D, but not sufficiently to reach the recommended amounts.

2008 S. Karger AG, Basel.

PMID:
18645244
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2813797
Free PMC Article

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