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Prim Care Diabetes. 2007 Jun;1(2):81-6. doi: 10.1016/j.pcd.2007.04.009. Epub 2007 May 22.

Poor control and management of cardiovascular risk factors among Albanian diabetic adult patients.

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  • 1Service of Endocrinology & Metabolic Diseases, University Hospital Centre Mother Theresa, 370, Rrugae Dibres, Tirana, Albania.



Cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors represent potential targets for intervention. A good metabolic control, associated with control of blood pressure and cholesterol levels is proven to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease among individuals with diabetes mellitus.


To examine 2004-2005 medical records of adults with previously diagnosed diabetes and to evaluate the fulfillment of diabetes guidelines treatment, for the metabolic control and management of cardiovascular risk factors.


We reviewed the data from the National Register of Diabetes (Tirana district), updated during this period. As guidelines we used the ADA 2006 Recommendations for metabolic control, HTA, lipid profile and aspirin therapy.


We examined 7259 medical records. Only 14.58% of the patients had an HbA1c <7%. Central obesity was present in 39% of our patients. Overall, only 31.9% of our patients achieved the target for blood pressure (SBP<130 mmHg and DBP<80 mmHg). Two-third of our patients had total cholesterol >200 mg/dl. In total, only 5.5% of our patients attained recommended goals of cardiovascular risk factors for HbA1c, blood pressure and lipid profile.


The follow-up of diabetic patients during the transient period in Albania is marked by a deterioration of diabetes metabolic control and poor management of cardiovascular risk factors. Further public health efforts are needed for better control of these risk factors among adults with diagnosed diabetes.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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