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Alzheimers Dement. 2008 Jan;4(1):6-13. doi: 10.1016/j.jalz.2007.10.015. Epub 2007 Dec 21.

Elevated microsomal prostaglandin-E synthase-1 in Alzheimer's disease.

Author information

  • 1Department of Anesthesiology/Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The proinflammatory prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) fluctuates over time in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), but the cerebral distribution and expression patterns of microsomal prostaglandin-E synthase (mPGES)-1 have not been compared with those of normal human brains.

METHODS:

Middle frontal gyrus tissue from AD and age-matched control brains was analyzed by Western blot, immunofluorescence, and immunohistochemistry with mPGES-1-specific antibodies.

RESULTS:

Western blotting revealed that mPGES-1 expression was significantly elevated in AD tissue. Furthermore, immunofluorescence of mPGES-1 was observed in neurons, microglia, and endothelial cells of control and AD tissue. Although mPGES-1 was consistently present in astrocytes of control tissue, it was present in only some astrocytes of AD tissue. Immunohistochemical staining suggested that mPGES-1 was elevated in pyramidal neurons of AD tissue when compared with controls.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results suggest that mPGES-1 is normally expressed constitutively in human neurons, microglia, astrocytes, and endothelial cells but is up-regulated in AD.

PMID:
18631945
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2500207
Free PMC Article
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