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Langmuir. 2008 Aug 19;24(16):8592-8. doi: 10.1021/la800555x. Epub 2008 Jul 11.

Separation of CO2 from CH4 using mixed-ligand metal-organic frameworks.

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  • 1Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA.


The adsorption of CO2 and CH4 in a mixed-ligand metal-organic framework (MOF) Zn 2(NDC) 2(DPNI) [NDC = 2,6-naphthalenedicarboxylate, DPNI = N, N'-di-(4-pyridyl)-1,4,5,8-naphthalene tetracarboxydiimide] was investigated using volumetric adsorption measurements and grand canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulations. The MOF was synthesized by two routes: first at 80 degrees C for two days with conventional heating, and second at 120 degrees C for 1 h using microwave heating. The two as-synthesized samples exhibit very similar powder X-ray diffraction patterns, but the evacuated samples show differences in nitrogen uptake. From the single-component CO2 and CH4 isotherms, mixture adsorption was predicted using the ideal adsorbed solution theory (IAST). The microwave sample shows a selectivity of approximately 30 for CO2 over CH4, which is among the highest selectivities reported for this separation. The applicability of IAST to this system was demonstrated by performing GCMC simulations for both single-component and mixture adsorption.

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